Intercultural communication

So i discovered this short article on the web and i heard that just posting it like a whole piece is not the best thing, I got permission from the original author and read up ways to curate articles, so this is it…….i thought this was fascinating because it highlights some of the highs and lows that I encountered when i was working inside the industry.

walkie talkie intercomGenerally, intercultural communication can be termed as the social interaction between different groups of people in relation to the shared knowledge, languages and symbols of behaviors (Kanentiio, 2000). In order to understand this concept of intercultural communication, this study seeks to examine the history of the Iroquois ethnic group in North America.

Importantly, this community comprises five tribes namely; Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, and Seneca hence the name Five Nations (Kanentiio, 2000).
Among these tribes, kinship is usually traced through matrilineal perspective. In this case, senior women had the duty of running family affairs (Kanentiio, 2000). According to the history of this community, women were responsible for family matters and agricultural products while men were held accountable for political and diplomatic matters within the village.

It should be noted that, this community comprised of 5,500 people by the time they encountered the first white explorers on the onset of 17th century. The 1990 census report indicated that, there were 49,038 Iroquois live in America that made this community to be the eighth in the country’s most populated Indigenous American groups (Kanentiio, 2000).

Interestingly, Iroquois constructed their homes in such a way that extended families comprising of 50 people stayed together in bark-covered, 50-150 feet long wooden-framed huts. It has been revealed that, the origin of the name Iroquois is not well known but some people think that it came from the Algonquian word ‘Irinakhoiw’ (Kanentiio, 2000).

On the other hand, no evidence has been provided to indicate where the Iroquois group came from. In this relation, it is believed that since Algonquian people are different in their culture despite the fact that they live on both corridors of Iroquois community; hence the Iroquois must have moved to this area at some time (Kanentiio, 2000).

It should be noted that, one of the significant event of this community’s history is that; in spite of their commonness in culture and language, these five tribes have lived in constant war fare amongst them. In this aspect, the interrelationships of these tribes worsened which made them vulnerable to constant attacks by the Algonquian tribes (Kanentiio, 2000).

On this basis, this period of constant attacks from neighboring community came to an end during the reign of chief Todadaho. According to the Iroquois legends, this chief was a cannibal as he ate from bowls made of his victims’ skulls, his hair contained a knot of snakes, and he could murder with his Medusa-like look (Kanentiio, 2000).

History has it that, the cannibalism practices of chief Todadaho were put to an end by Deganawidah and his disciple Hiawatha when they confronted him with a message of peace. According to history, Todadaho when he was preparing to cook his latest victim saw the face of Deganawidah reproduced in the cooking pot and thought it was his.

The beauty of the face could not be compared with his barbaric and dreadful practice of cannibalism and without more ado he forsook the practice (Kanentiio, 2000). After Todadaho and other Iroquois chiefs were convinced by Deganawidah and his disciple about his good message, they together established an Iroquois Confederacy on the banks of Lake Onondaga in 1400.

In this case, this union was a confederation of nations that helped people share a positive system of values and live in harmony. As a result of this confederation, the Iroquois changed their lifestyles to the extent that when the first white explorers arrived thin community, Iroquois community was a settled agricultural society and more developed as compared with the Algonquians who practiced nomadic culture (Kanentiio, 2000).

Iroquois Historical Relationships with Algonquians and Hurons History has it that, the Iroquois community and the Algonquians lived in constant conflicts where Iroquois because of their internal constant conflicts were always overpowered. According to the Iroquois legends, Chief Todadaho who practiced cannibalism practices helped Iroquois from the miseries of the Algonquians until a confederation was established in the year 1400 (Kanentiio, 2000).

It is of importance to note that, since Iroquois were agriculturalist when they were met by the early white explorers; they used to exchange agricultural goods with Algonquians who were nomadic. On this basis, Algonquians exchanged their fur with Iroquois agricultural products.

Additionally, it has been found that the language of the northern Iroquois was somehow related to Algonquians hence suggesting that there was an intrusion sometime in the past (Kanentiio, 2000).

Further, despite the fact that Huron community had some traces in Iroquoian linguistic family; they lived in great warfare where their relationship was termed as inherited hostility. On this basis, the Iroquois were growing mightily subjugating surrounding tribes which resulted to their crushing Huron confederacy in 1649.
Moreover, Hurons traded with Iroquois where they provided fish and hunted animals in exchange of agricultural products like beans (Kanentiio, 2000).

Historical incidence of Iroquois discrimination Significantly, Iroquois community only experienced discrimination from the colonizers where they were forced to pay taxes, offer food and forced labor in mineral industries and at the same time pearl harvesting.

On this basis, the Iroquois fought the colonizers and became free considering themselves as a sovereign nation in America (Kanentiio, 2000). A point worth noting is that, Iroquois were divided on which side to support where some supported the colonizers while other rebelled.

It is of importance to note that, Iroquois over-ruled other Indian communities and raided them as they are described as great lovers of fight (Kanentiio, 2000).
Common stereotypes about Iroquois community The word stereotype is used to denote the generalizations made about a community where by people attribute a defined set of characteristics to this community. On this basis, the Iroquois community was believed to have a collective responsibility where the whole group was responsible in knowing and doing what was supposed to be done (Kanentiio, 2000).

In support of this, it has been found that each person in this community acted independently but for the group. In this relation, each person was brought up with a sense of self-governing accountability and being autonomous. The idea of autonomous responsibility and doing it for the group was being socialized to children at their early age hence they grew knowing what was expected of them in the society (Kanentiio, 2000).

Additionally, the Seneca people were fanatical to external self-control and stressed individual self-governing. Moreover, these people were unresponsive of pain, hardships and loneliness. On this basis, they had a principle of no guilt where they always approved the accountability of their deeds by doing the correct thing as it was what was expected of them (Kanentiio, 2000).

It is of important to note that, the Iroquois find expression for the feeling of anger, frustration and hatred through rituals. In this case, most of the rituals were from a religious setting that had a lot of attached pious meanings. A good example here is dreams which were considered as linking minds and souls.
In this connection, dreams were taken very carefully in Iroquois community where whatever one dreamt about was taken care of in the effort of avoiding dangers and calamities (Kanentiio, 2000).

Important leaders and heroes of the Iroquois community From the history of the Iroquois community, despite the fact that there was a strong leadership structure; there were no police or formal legal system (Kanentiio, 2000). The role of the leaders was to distribute material goods to the community members to avoid starving of some community members.
One of the most well known Iroquois leaders was Logan among the Mingo people; he was born in Pennsylvania at around 1725 (Kanentiio, 2000). Importantly, he led the community is fighting the white settlers in 1774 after killing family. On the other hand, the Iroquois heroes were chief Todadaho who practiced cannibalism against his victims and delivered his people from constant attracts of Algonquians.

In addition, Deganawidah and his disciple Hiawatha confronted chief Todadaho and convinced him together with other chiefs in this community to establish an Iroquois confederacy in 1350-1600 (Kanentiio, 2000).

Walkie Talkie And Its Variants Have A Place in Every Household

two way radio uhfWhat’s your favorite feature of the communication device with eye gaze? Personally, I like the design job – It is cooler than an Inuit’s underpants!

2 Way Radio is available in the market, 2 Way Radio can be used anywhere and is a much appreciated kit in the market, It is a household name in U.K. The 2 way radio is a great help if you are on a family outing. This radio is worth its price, if you plan to use it to improve your business. Moreover, the radio can be used for free.
two Way Radios are yet another worthy investment. In the earlier days Walkie Talkies were seen at the construction sites, airports and other locations. Besides the cost price of the hand set there is no further expense involved. This makes it popular in every professional sector.

An important and improved version of a 2 way radio is the PMR Radio.
PMR Radio is called a professional Mobile radio. One main PMR Radio connects many other mobiles. This feature makes it an important investment in the growth of an enterprise. Transport services still use this radio as a link between customers and the drivers. PMR Radio is a popular choice of the police force.

Today the PMR radios offer a lot of service to the clients.
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Sepura Lifts Dividend And Provides Bullish Revenue, Earnings Guidance

Some of these expert writers on the net are at such a top level that i wonder if any of them have ever printed a paperback? so every so often i like to focus on these outstanding articles and heres one i found remarkable the other day.
Sepura PLC upped its total dividend for the year to March 28 and announced guidance of 10% revenue growth over the next two years, as it saw pretax profit rise.
Sepura, which produces digital 2 way Radios, raised its full-year dividend to 2.00 pence from 1.68 pence the previous year. It said Tuesday it now expects revenue growth of 10% per year in the financial year 2015 and 2016, and adjusted earnings per share growth of 15% in financial 2015 and 25% in 2016.
The company posted a pretax profit of EUR14.2 million for the recently completed financial year, up from EUR7.9 million the year before, as revenue rose to EUR116.6 million from EUR104.8 million, including a EUR700,000 contribution from its acquisition Portalify.
Sepura shipped a total of 188,000 terrestrial trunked 2 way Radios during the year, up from 154,000 in the previous year, boosted by growth in Germany, the UK, Norway and Australia. The company’s infrastructure business won new public safety contracts in new markets, including Greece and Lebanon, Sepura said.
It won its first contract in North America to provide the initial phase of Toronto Transit Commission’s new network, alongside other commercial contracts in Luxemborg, Germany and Malaysia.
Sepura noted that the strengthening of sterling and the volatility of the euro-dollar exchange rate hit its results by EUR2.5 million.
It is continuing to expand its US and Canadian sales teams, and added a number of new distributors in the region, saying it is confident it can build on its early successes in the market.
It also has launched a portfolio of digital mobile radio products during the year. Although Sepura noted that its expectations for these products in the first year are modest, it believes it will add a “significant” incremental increase to revenues and earnings in the medium term.
Sepura plans to expand this product range, and said it has been bolstered by its recent acquisition of Fylde Micro Ltd in May.
Liberum Capital increased its price target on Sepura to 175 pence from 162 pence and reiterated its Buy rating, highlighting the company’s future expansion potential.
Liberum noted Sepura’s improved sales team in North America, saying that with 7 million private mobile The two way radio users the US represents the largest geographical opportunity for the company, and expects 25% of the growth in digital users to come from this market.
Sepura has transformed over the last three years into a geographically diverse critical communications solutions provider, with an estimated addressable market of USD2.5 billion, says Liberum analyst Ben Bourne. “It is now in a better position to capitalise on the accelerating analogue to digital migration.”

MCMC cripples ‘2 way radio’ syndicate with arrest of mother and son

walkie talkie ringtoneWhat will you do if i said I have found a 2 way radio news piece that isn’t only interesting but educational also? I knew you would not believe me, so here it is the enlightening, excellent and appealing editorial

The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) has crippled a syndicate selling illegal walkie-talkies targeting Rukun Tetangga (RT) groups.

A joint police and customs party arrested two people in a raid on a used car office in Bercham at 4.15pm today, said a spokesman for Perak branch MCMC.

“We seized 12 sets of illegal 2 Way Radios for sale at RM300 per set. The syndicate also provide repair services and maintenance of walkie-talkies,” he told reporters, here today.

The syndicate was also believed to have sold the walkie-talkies without SIRIM approval to about 1,500 buyers in Ipoh.

He said the two suspects, believed to be the wife and son of a RT chairman were brought to Bercham police station where their statements were recorded.

“The MCMC received many complaints from RT on the sale of illegal walkie-talkies in March last year.

“We conducted monitoring and investigation with the cooperation of SIRIM which brought us to this location,” he added.

The illegal sale of walkie-talkie is an offence under Section 239 of the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998.

Offenders can be fined up to RM100,000 or jailed not more than two years or both upon conviction. – Bernama

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