Two Japanese airlines to disregard China air zone rules

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2 way radio vancouverTwo of Japan’s biggest airlines have agreed to abide by a government request not to implement China’s new air defence zone rules, officials say.

All Nippon Airlines and Japan Airlines say that they will stop filing flight plans demanded by China on routes through the zone, set up on Saturday.

Japan says that China’s new air defence identification zone are “not valid at all” and should be disregarded.

Singapore Airlines and Qantas have said that they will abide by the new rules.

Disputed islands
The new zone created by China covers disputed East China Sea waters.

Map of east china sea and declared air defence zone
Both All Nippon Airlines (ANA) and Japan Airlines have been informing China’s aviation authorities of flights through it since the weekend.

But the two airlines now say that they will stop doing so from Wednesday.

The zone includes disputed islands known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China. Taiwan also claims the islands, which are controlled by Japan.

Part of the zone also overlaps with a submerged rock claimed by South Korea.

China says aircraft entering the zone must obey its rules, which include providing a flight plan, maintaining Walkie Talkie communications and clearly identifying their nationality.

Aircraft who ignore the rules would be subject to “defensive emergency measures”, China’s Defence Ministry had said.

‘Not valid’
Japan has condemned the establishment of the zone as illegal, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Monday calling it a “dangerous” act.

Continue reading the main story
Air defence identification zones

Zones do not necessarily overlap with airspace, sovereign territory or territorial claims
States define zones, and stipulate rules that aircraft must obey; legal basis is unclear
During WW2, US established an air perimeter and now maintains four separate zones – Guam, Hawaii, Alaska, and a contiguous mainland zone
UK, Norway, Japan and Canada also maintain zones
Source: aviationdevelopment.org

On Tuesday, Japanese Transport Minister Akihiro Ota said China’s zone declaration was “not valid at all” and that Japanese airlines should not follow its stipulations.

Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida said officials would be keeping communications open with airlines.

“I believe it is important for the public and private sectors to co-operate in showing China our firm resolve,” he said.

Continue reading the main story
China-Japan disputed islands

The archipelago consists of five uninhabited islands and three reefs
Japan, China and Taiwan claim them; they are controlled by Japan and form part of Okinawa prefecture
Japanese businessman Kunioki Kurihara owned three of the islands but sold them to the Japanese state in September 2012
The islands were also the focus of a major diplomatic row between Japan and China in 2010
Q&A: China-Japan islands row
Singapore Airlines and Australia’s Qantas, as well as civil aviation officials from Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea said on Monday they would be informing Chinese officials of flights, Reuters news agency reported.

China’s move has drawn criticism from several nations, including South Korea which claims a rock in the area.

“I’d like to say once again that we have unchanging territorial control over Ieodo,” Defence Ministry spokesman Kim Min-seok said on Monday.

Meanwhile, Australia summoned the Chinese ambassador on Tuesday to express opposition over the zone.

“The timing and the manner of China’s announcement are unhelpful in light of current regional tensions, and will not contribute to regional stability,” Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said in a statement.

“Australia has made clear its opposition to any coercive or unilateral actions to change the status quo in the East China Sea.”

The US has also hit out at the move, with Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel calling it a “destabilising attempt to alter the status quo in the region”.

China says the zone is aimed at defending its sovereignty.

Source – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25087793

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Prosthesis-Controlling App Comes in Handy Smartphone App for controlling Prosthesis limbs Touch.

walkie talkie licenseThis was posted a few days ago and we thought it was interesting

A new bionic hand has been unveiled that can be remote controlled via a smartphone app.

The app’s developer, Touch Bionics, unveiled the groundbreaking application, along with their latest prosthetic hand, in April of this year.

The hand’s artificial thumb is controlled by signals from the users arm muscles, which are interpreted by the hand’s internal systems. However, in a world first, it can also be controlled, very simply, via the use of the new app.

The app features an array of preset positions that can be selected by the user tapping the screen with her/his thumb. When a position is selected, the prosthesis can react instantly, changing to ‘thumbs up’, ‘just a little bit’ or ‘OK’ positions easily. The app is not limited to simple positions, however, and more complicated functions, such as holding objects, handling documents and even typing, are featured as preset options.

In addition to the app, the bionic hand also features improved dexterity due to the presence of new extra-sensitive fingertip electrodes. In addition, the thumb can now move into 24 separate positions, made possible either by the user or the app.

The Bionic Touch app configures the hand positions into playlist-like folders such as ‘work’, which feature all hand positions regularly used at work (typing, using a mouse etc), so that the positions are within easy reach of the user.

The app itself also features training modes designed to help people learn to use it quickly and easily as well as diagnostic features that can interact with the hand itself and troubleshoot any possible problems.

The app has already received a measure of positive feedback from users, Bertolt Meyer, who uses the new hand, was quoted by ‘New Scientist’ as saying, “Powered thumb rotation, combined with the mobile app and quick access to all these new grips, gives me natural hand function that I never imagined would be possible,”

Learning to use a prosthetic limb is an extremely painful and frustrating process, but this app may just make the process a tiny bit easier for those who use it.

Understanding Wireless LAN networking

The world is filled with really awesome, well written articles. If you find one which catches your eye, you have got to post it, well i do! so with consent of the original blogger ive posted this so that you can enjoy

Understanding wireless and wireless LAN networking allow you to correctly plan should you require Radio Hire and design the effective deployment of wireless systems whether it is home-networking or using outside lengthy-range WLAN for rural internet connectivity.

Wireless networking enables computer systems and peripheral devices to speak using 2 Way Radio waves transmissions instead of over conventional network cabling. Using wireless Ethernet adaptors, any device able to be utilized on a normal computer network could be utilized on the wireless connection for task varying from file and printer discussing to multimedia and access to the internet.

Wireless Ethernet Technologies are layed out by some standards known as IEEE 802.11. Although other wireless technologies and methods exist, the term wireless is usually utilized in mention of the the IEEE 802.11 standards.

The communication methods for wireless networking are based on the Institute of Domestic Electricians (IEEE) 802.11 standard, which includes the 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g methods (although other standards are happening). Probably the most broadly used of these is 802.11b (Wireless-B), that is more reliable compared to faster 802.11a (Wireless-A) standard, and it is more cost-effective to create and operate too. Wireless-G or 802.11g, is really a more recent protocol that’s increasingly broadly adopted by suppliers because it is able to accelerates to 54Mbps as opposed to the 11Mbps of 802.11b products.

It’s no more rare to locate products like a walkie talkie that support the 3 standards, but generally, Wireless-G is made to be backwards suitable for Wireless-B products. Thus Wireless-B and Wireless-A products won’t use each other, nor could they be suitable for Wireless-G products.

Some producers offer models with dual-band (Wireless A & G/B) auto-switch way of greater communication versatility. Network organizers can plan their network deployment using a mixture of Wireless-B,G or perhaps a.

Wireless 802.11 standard utilizes the license-free rf bands round the 2.4GHz and/or 5GHz ranges. The 802.11b and 802.11g methods make use of the 2.4GHz band whereas 802.11a uses the 5GHz band. Wireless-B is undoubtedly typically the most popular standard, using the more recent Wireless-G (802.11g) and Wireless-A (802.11a) closing in fast.

Wi-FI or Wireless Fidelity is really a certification program established through the Wi-Fi Alliance to make sure interoperability of wireless products. Initially, the word Wi-Fi was intended as interchangeable with 802.11b, but more lately it’s extended to pay for any 802.11 network.

WLAN or Wireless Lan, is really a computer network -or part thereof- that includes wireless products. Inside a WLAN network, a regular LAN set-up could be extended to incorporate wireless products utilizing an entry way. Although wireless systems could be completely separate from conventional network, WLAN usually forms part of the existing wired network.

Wireless Transmission ranges vary greatly and decreasing the bandwidth will raise the coverage area, a standard 802.11b or 802.11g device will routinely have a variety of about 30m indoor or more to 120m line-of-sight outdoors. The primary reason for that variance between inside and line-of-sight coverage is the fact that walls along with other objects do slow down the wireless signal. Because wireless transmissions are really low frequency radio waves, they’ll pass through walls along with other solid matter relatively simple. As distance increases, the throughput decreases. It is because lower signal strength lead to dropped packets and create a general reduction in network efficiency.

Comprehending the technology in wireless and wireless LAN/WAN networking enables the planner the versatility of utilizing wired and wireless systems. You will find areas that wired systems can’t go because of distance, terrain or topography thus when the planner has understanding on wireless LAN networking, the more, faster and simple it’s to deploy a highly effective wireless network.

Focusing on how wireless LAN works will even assist you to plan deployment of the rural wi-fi access service. Wireless LAN is an extremely cost-effective solution for necessary internet connectivity needs in far, remote towns. WISP is a great and potential business in remote areas.

Either you utilize commercial “off-the-shelf” WLAN gadget, tweak and improve its performance by utilizing greater-gain outside antenna or purchase a true-outside lengthy-range Wireless LAN. For assured network performance, service-quality and fewer network down time, we advise while using latter.

We Announces Participation in Special Offers on Motorola Solutions MOTOTRBO Digital Walkie Talkies

two way radios yorkshireWhat would you do if i said I had found a Walkie talkie article that is not only interesting but educational also? I knew you wouldn’t believe me, so here it is the enlightening, excellent and interesting piece
BearCom, a nationwide provider of wireless communications equipment and solutions, today announced its participation in rebates and trade-in discounts on Motorola Solutions MOTOTRBO digital Two way Radios. The offers, which run through August 22, 2014, provide customers with significant rebates on a range of MOTOTRBO models and offer significant trade-in credits on eligible radios.
“Organizations looking to augment or upgrade their radio fleets and save money will especially benefit if they take advantage of these generous offers before they expire on August 22,” said BearCom President & CEO Jerry Denham. “The incentives to try the 7000 Series radios are particularly attractive since this newer line offers so many rich feature sets and operating advantages.”
The 7000 Series of MOTOTRBO digital two-way radios was introduced in 2012 to serve demanding users who require full voice and data functionality. Walkie talkies in the 7000 Series boast features including Intelligent Audio that automatically adjusts volume, Bluetooth audio performance, a color display with day and night modes, over-the-air programming for easier updates, and Dual Capacity Direct Mode that doubles system capacity.
The special offers give customers:
Trade-in discounts on MOTOTRBO digital two-way radios. These include a $2,000 credit on purchases in a single order of radios in the XPR7000 Series and SL7000 Series when customers trade in 10 radios from the XPR6000 Series (excluding the XPR6100).
Credits in lesser amounts are being offered for trade-ins of eligible units and purchases of 10 or more radios in the XPR6000 Series (excluding the XPR6100), XPR5000 Series, XPR4000 Series and XPR3000 Series, as well as on the Motorola CP200d, CM200d, CM300d and XPR2500.
Rebates on MOTOTRBO digital radios. 
A $650 rebate is being offered on purchases of 10 or more MOTOTRBO digital radios from the SL7000 Series and XPR7000 Series.
Lesser rebates are available for purchases of 10 radios in the XPR6000 Series (excluding the XPR6100), XPR5000 Series, XPR4000 Series and XPR3000 Series, as well as on the Motorola CP200d, CM200d, CM300d and XPR2500.
“The 7000 Series two-way radios from Motorola Solutions represents a significant advance from the 6000 Series units that preceded them,” said Hugh Johnston, Product & Purchasing Manager at BearCom. “The additional features and the increased productivity they create make upgrading an attractive option. These new rebates and discounts make the 7000 Series an even better value.”

Read more: http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/1983407#ixzz35HcCn33A

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Golf Clubs You use Them While You’re at Them Communication on the Green

two way radio quizWithout giving too much about this walkie talkie pink short article, but I found it exciting and related to what I’m now doing.

Golf clubs (by which we mean the locations, not the implements) are huge expanses of land. They cover vast distances, employ large amounts of people and are reasonably complicated environments to run.

In addition to the necessity of expedient communication between various layers of management, general health and safety concerns and the dedication required to keep a good course looking pristine, two way radios are vital to golf clubs for keeping staff connected with each other. They also help to provide security over large spaces and much more besides. Let’s go into all this in a bit more detail, shall we?

Two-way radios are easy to use, cost effective and supremely reliable. A mobile phone (or similar gadget) simply would not be anywhere near as dependable as a Walkie Talkie, especially when one considers that most of a golf course is outdoors and therefore subject to weather, atmospheric conditions and other intangibles.

Two-way radios are rugged devices, designed for use on all kinds of terrain. When the tasks required are largely outdoors, it makes sense to employ the same technology that soldiers use in the desert or the police use in the city, doesn’t it?

Radios offer a fast and effective response to emergencies of any kind. Instant communication is a vital tool when it comes to reporting on a mishap and ensuring that help arrives A.S.A.P. Radios also allow staff to report on the condition of the green, relaying player feedback directly to management, ensuring a swift and professional response to any concerns. This, in turn, can help to cultivate customer loyalty, providing a good club with legions of devoted players who will attract other customers and thus provide the club with steady business.

But that isn’t all a walkie-talkie is good for at a golf course. In general, golf courses require a high degree of management skill and the key to good management is good communication. Two-way radios help to ensure that the on-course staff are prepared for the player’s individual needs. Radios help the other amenities of the club (shops, restaurants, toilets etc) to run smoothly and continue to offer high standards and quality service.

Without radios, a golf club would require several levels of management, if only to handle all the travel between spaces. The management of a decent course would represent a logistical nightmare. A long, leisurely round of golf (enjoyed by everyone from Larry David to Alice Cooper) could instead represent a stress-filled, obstacle-riddled game that many would give up on before they ever even teed off.

How To Improve Your Activism and Community With 2 way radios

With very little information on the internet about walkie talkie throat mic’s, it is very rare when we get a chance to re post, with permission, an article from this industry.

Why do government agents use two way radios? Because they work! One of the most useful tools I’ve ever purchased, is my handheld 2 Way Radio. I had first bought a couple of them when I was living in New York and was going kind of crazy with the whole prepper thing. I quickly realized they were basically useless because I didn’t know anybody else with a two way radio.

That all changed when I got to Keene, New Hampshire, and saw how powerful these devices could be. They were mostly using marine band VHF radios at the time, and I realized I could tune my VHF radio into those frequencies. The libertarian community there uses these radios regularly, along with a group text messaging system they call “Keene 411?. The ability to instantly communicate with other activists proved to be very useful, and built a sense of community and comradery that I have yet to see elsewhere.

They have become so effective at “Robin Hooding” that parking enforcers actually run away from them. They use the radios to track down the parking enforcers, and alert other activists to their location, so they can put coins in parking meters before the meter maid can write a ticket. Additionally, if someone is pulled over, or otherwise harassed by government agents (or anyone else for that matter) you can simply radio for help, and activists will show up with cameras.

At its most basic level, this is so easy to replicate, it’s a wonder more people haven’t already done it. Just buy a radio for yourself, and encourage a neighbor to do the same, agree on a frequency/channel, and talk. The most difficult part is getting people to buy the radios and monitor them on a regular basis. Once they are in regular use however, once people see their friends using the radios, everybody is going to want one, and they will become a regular part of your daily life.

The question everybody jumps to, is range. “How far can these radios communicate?”. There’s no easy answer to that question. It depends on frequency, transmit power, interference, topography, antenna type, antenna height, construction, trees, the curvature of the earth, weather, and more variables than I care to list. There’s a website that can help you estimate the potential distance of your transmission, called CloudRF. They also make a very useful android app called RFSignal, which I have purchased. This is more for repeaters and towers though, we’ll talk about repeaters later.

If you go to Target/Best Buy/Walmart and buy a walkie talkie, it’s probably a 22 channel GMRS/FRS radio. This stands for General Mobile Radio Service and Family Radio service, respectively. They will tell you that the radios have a maximum distance of 2 to 50 miles, and that’s almost complete nonsense. Unless you have line of sight, as in, no obstacles between you and the person you’re communicating with, these radios will not communicate very far at all. I’ve tried to use them on job sites, and been unable to communicate with coworkers inside the same building.

FRS legally requires no license, is limited to 500 miliwatts, and must have a fixed antenna.

GMRS legally requires an FCC license, which you can purchase for $85, but there is next to zero enforcement on this, and the FCC has proposed to remove the licensing requirement. With an FCC license, you can legally transmit on these frequencies at up to 50 watts, and use pretty much any antenna you like, so long as the antenna is not more than 20 feet above the ground, or above the tree to which the antenna is mounted.

This just in… As I was writing this article, and browsing the FCC website for regulatory information, they shut down the website, because of the government shutdown. Now, they haven’t actually gone dark, they just put this silly message on their site. “We regret the disruption, but during the Federal Government-wide shutdown, the FCC is limited to performing duties that are immediately necessary for the safety of life or the protection of property. FCC online systems will not be available until further notice.”

The funny thing is, for that message to display, they have to keep their servers up and running, which is what incurs the expense. They just made their content unavailable, I guess to “punish” us for not going along with their incessant demands for greater and greater funding. How childish… Good thing I have absolutely no intention of complying with any FCC regulations, shutdown or no shutdown.

In any case, the 2 Way Radios that you buy in retail stores, while they are capable of communicating on GMRS frequencies, do so under FRS standards. They are half watt radios with fixed antennas, even if you buy a “high power” radio, they usually only transmit at one watt. The upside to these devices is, they are widely available, many people already have them. The downside is, they don’t communicate very far, and some of them can be very expensive.

The other type of hand held radio you can buy in some stores is a marine band radio. These are usually 5 watt radios, and will communicate much further than the FRS/GMRS radios. The downside is, these are illegal to use on land, and very few people have them. You also might run into a lot of interference if you live near the water, as I do when I’m in New York, and these radios don’t use privacy codes. You can also buy a more high power marine band radio for your home or vehicle, but these will often cost upwards of $200, and transmit at 25 watts.

The ultimate answer, for handhelds, is to buy an open dual band hand held two way radio (http://stsnewsroom.org). I have two of these, a Baofeng UV5R, and a Puxing PX-888k.

These radios transmit at 5 watts on the VHF frequencies, and 4 watts on UHF. You can tune them into the GMRS frequencies, or marine band frequencies. They can use privacy codes to eliminate interference from other radios in the area. They can also use repeaters, which the retail radios cannot.

I prefer the Puxing to the Baofeng, it has some extra features like voice scrambler, the belt clip is also more sturdy, and the newer ones can act as a cross band repeater. The Baofeng however, is a lot cheaper, about half the price.

Either one will suit your purposes just fine. Yes, these are affiliate links, I get paid if you buy them from here. But that’s not my motivation for displaying them, I really want more people using these radios. The more of us who have them, the more useful they are.

Once you have the radios, you can manually tune to the frequency you want to use, or you can program in channels. To program channels using a computer you will need a special programming cable, and programming software. The software is free. You can download the Puxing programming software here (Just find your model number). You can download the Baofeng programming software here. Below you will find a link to the programming cable, unless you’re using an ad blocking plugin for your browser, in which case, buzz off. This cable will work for both of these radios, and many others as well.

Utility supplies License-free portable Two way radio

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Utility tools: Ritron Inc. introduces the PT-150M, a professional-grade license-free portable Walkie Talkie. Operating in the VHF MURS frequency band, the PT-150M allows business-only users to operate license free at 2 watts, anywhere within the US. This saves customers the hassle and expense of licensing typical associated with “FCC Part 90 business band” radio frequencies, and provides out-of-the-box functionality and simplicity for utilities, retail locations, manufacturing environments, schools, hospitals, healthcare facilities, and more.

There are 5 MURS frequencies including two made popular by Ritron’s JOBCOM brand radio line and now are in wide spread use across the country – the “blue dot” (154.570) and “green dot” (154.600) frequencies.

The PT-150M features 8 channel capacity which allows maximum use of all 5 MURS frequencies plus reuse of 3 frequencies for additional work groups, etc. A 2 Watt transmitter, is adequate for up to 2 mile range, line-of-sight, no obstructions or 250,000 sq. ft. indoors range. A 1000mW speaker provides easy-to-hear clarity and volume for even noisy environments. A slim, lightweight design is ergonomic and easy-to-carry and use.

The 7 Character alphanumeric display provides easy-to-read icons showing battery status, channel scan On/Off, Keypad Lock On/Off, and more. Nine programmable function buttons allows access to backlit for keypad, accessing additional features in the radio , for example – scan On/Off, backlit for keypad, keypad lock/unlock, channel scroll up/down, send a Call Tone, and more. They allow access to advanced features and allow configuration of the radio. Rugged MIL STD 810F rating, IP65 resistance rating against dust and water and clamp-on audio accessory connector ensures long, trouble-free service.

Each PT radio comes complete with antenna, Lithium-Ion battery, spring-action belt clip, drop-in charging stand and AC adapter. Optional accessories include: a 6-unit gang charger, remote speaker microphone, lightweight ear set and nylon carry holster.

Basic radio parameters (e.g. tone signaling by channel) are field-configurable using buttons on the PT-150M radio – no tools are required. Free PC programming software (available from the Ritron web site) along with optional purchase of custom programming cable from Ritron, allows users full programming of all radio parameters, i.e. shuffling the 5 MURS frequencies to amongst the 8 possible channels and “tagging” channels on the radio (within 7 characters alphanumeric combo max) such as OPERAT or SECURTY.

The PT-150M is compatible with other VHF radios operating on MURS frequencies and will provide a range of 1 mile + line-of-sight range, no obstructions. Indoor range is approximately 250,000 sq. ft. Actual range is dependent on building structure and obstructions.